Senin, 20 Januari 2020

OPM is a Dutch Legacy State

OPM is a Dutch Legacy State

In 1960-1963 there was an armed conflict between the Indonesian military and the Dutch military to fight over Irian Jaya (Papua). Large-scale military conflict almost broke out after RI mobilized its troops on a large scale during Operation Jaya Wijaya in order to storm the Dutch forces.

Before the conflict broke out in the form of open warfare, the Netherlands chose to surrender West Irian peacefully through the United Nations on May 1, 1963. However, before surrendering West Irian to Indonesia, the Netherlands had made sneaky steps by secretly forming a puppet state of Papua.

The Netherlands even formed a local army of volunteers named Papua Volunteer Corps (PVC) who had been well trained and had fought against Indonesian forces when carrying out Operation Trikora.

When the Dutch surrendered West Irian, the Dutch apparently did not intentionally dissolve the puppet state of Papua, which was then led by local residents. PVC troops were also not disbanded and many of them entered the forest. They then formed a resistance force (rebel) which later became known as the Free Papua Organization (OPM).

In 1964-1967 OPM together with 14,000 residents under the leadership of Lodewijk Mandatjan entered the forest in the Bird's Head region and launched an uprising with old rifles from WW II. On July 28, 1965, an attack on the Battalion 641 / Cenderawasih Manokwari dormitory resulted in three TNI members being killed and four injured.

In 1967 the RPKAD red berets, now the Kopassus, were deployed to deal with rebellion and chaos by means of war and non-war approaches. But the non-war approach carried out persuasively by respecting local customs was more successful.

Mandatjan and all his followers left the forest and voluntarily joined the Unitary Republic of Indonesia. Persuasive approach continues to be carried out by the TNI when there are security disturbances in Papua until now. Security vandals in Papua generally still carry the name of the Dutch 'heritage' OPM in order to receive international attention.

They also often attack freeport workers in an 'attention seeking' effort. But the Indonesian government does not want to be fooled and refers to the security intruders as the Armed Criminal Group (KKB) alone. The handling was pursued persuasively and only mobilized the police and was not a military operation.

Moreover, the KKB's motivation for committing criminal acts is because of economic problems, not politics. To that end, the Government of Indonesia has also tried to develop Papua so that it has experienced economic improvements including 'utilizing' Freeport shares to develop Papua.

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